Top 10 Questions About TPS

What is TPS?
TPS, or Temporary Protected Status, allows people from certain countries to live and work in the United States during a humanitarian crisis in their home countries.

What type of humanitarian crisis would lead to TPS?
Here are some reasons the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) can authorize TPS for countries:

  • Armed conflict, such as civil war, threatening people’s safety
  • Environmental disasters such as a hurricane or earthquake that disrupts living conditions
  • Extraordinary and temporary conditions in the country that prevent the safe return of the population

How long are TPS grants?
The Secretary of DHS can authorize TPS for 6, 12, or 18 months at a time. This authorization can be extended or terminated.

How many people have TPS?
As of February 16, 2022, there were an estimated 354,625 people with TPS living in the United States.

Who are the people who have TPS?
People with TPS are essential workers who have lived and worked in the U.S. for years and even decades. Many people with TPS work in construction, the hotel and restaurant industry, landscaping and childcare. Many also operate their own businesses. About 100,000 TPS holders live in homes that they own and pay mortgages to U.S. banks

What ties do TPS holders have to the U.S.?
TPS holders from El Salvador, Honduras and Haiti have about 273,000 U.S. citizen children. Also 10% of the Salvadoran TPS holders are married to a legal resident of the U.S.

Which countries have TPS?
Burma (Myanmar)
El Salvador
South Sudan

What are the requirements to receive TPS?

  • Arrived in the U.S. and continued to live in the U.S. since a specific date;
  • Filed an application with a filing fee and passed security and criminal checks.


What would be the economic impact on the U.S. of ending TPS?
According to an April 2017 study, ending TPS would cause a reduction of $45.2 billion to the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and a $6.9 billion reduction in Social Security and Medicare contributions over the next decade. Ending TPS would also cause employers to face approximately $967 million in the turnover costs of replacing and training laid off TPS holders.

Why should we keep fighting to preserve TPS and extend TPS to all countries that qualify?
TPS offers humanitarian protection to people unable to return to their home countries due to natural disasters, war and other extraordinary situations. Providing this protection is a moral imperative. While preserving TPS brings economic benefits to the U.S., it would also allow American families to stay together--U.S. citizen children would remain with their parents and grandparents.

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